International Journal of Engineering Research in Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IJERMCE)

Monthly Journal for Mechanical and Civil Engineering

Volume3,January 2018,

Topic : Effects of 2015 Gorkha Earthquake on Residential Buildings in Bhaktapur Municipality, Nepal

Authors:Manoj Bakhunchhe Shrestha || Tulshi Laxmi Suwal

Abstract:The Barpak, Gorkha, Nepal earthquake of moment magnitude 7.8 which shook nearly 1 minute on 25th of April 2015 and its aftershock magnitude 7.3 shook for more than 30 seconds on 12th of May 2015 was catastrophic. Among the 14 severely affected districts, the historical district Bhaktapur was also affected because of compact ancient Newari settlements of improperly maintained much mud mortar buildings. This research was conducted to assess the situation and the impact of the catastrophic earthquake on the communities of study sites by numerous field visit, secondary data and PRA. There were 17,698 numbers of houses in Bhaktapur municipality in which 5,950 houses were completely damaged and 2,092 were partially damaged. Similarly, Earthquake killed 252 people and 397 were injured badly. In addition, 116 monuments were damaged where 67 were completely damaged and 49 suffered from partial damages including centuries-old buildings of UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Bhaktapur Durbar Square. Out of 865 houses, 53.33% buildings were of Adobe plus Mud joint typology whereas 8.68%, 14.43% and 23.55% were Adobe plus Brick in Cement, Brick in Cement and RC Frame buildings respectively. They were analyzed by using SPSS and R software. Based on different four damage characteristics; Adobe plus Mud mortar buildings were 28.65 times more damaged than RC Frame. Similarly, 12.5 times of Adobe plus Brick in Cement and 8.2 times of Brick in Cement were seen more damage than RC Frame typology. Therefore, people should construct new houses and retrofit of damaged buildings by the supervision of engineers to preserve historical and cultural iconic view. Strict implementation in a proactive way of building bylaws and building code is necessary by both house owners and concerned authority.

Keywords: Buildings, Catastrophic, Earthquake, Heritage

Download Paper

DOI: 01.1617/vol5/iss1/pid84520

Related Articles

RFID Technology in Construction Project Management – A Review

Authors: Rounak Bhushan Singh || Sumeet Sagar,Animesh Sinha,Muneesh Methwani

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss03/pid49278

Volume2 ,March 2018.

RFID Technology in Construction Project Management – A Review

Authors: S.Pachaiappan || Dr.S.Palanivel

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss03/pid49278

Volume2 ,March 2018.

Experimental Study of Steel Fibers Reinforced Concrete over Conventional Concrete

Authors: Varsha Harne || Suyog U. Dhote

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss03/pid83154

Volume2 ,March 2018.

Experimental Investigations of Rubber Seed Oil Methyl Ester-Diesel and Butanol-Diesel Blend by Using Diesel Engine

Authors: Vishal V. Patil || Utkarsh Shidhganesh,Somesh Shinde,Mahesh Gurav,Swapnil Ulagadde

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss2/pid72430

Volume2 ,February 2018.

Study of Land Acquisition Issues causing delay of NHAI Projects

Authors: Rounak Bhushan Singh || SumeetSagar, Animesh Sinha

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss4/pid73465

Volume2 ,April 2018.

Study on Strength and Durability Properties of Bacteria Concrete

Authors: Phani Kumar. V || V. Sainath,Ashok Varma

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss3/pid03875

Volume2 ,March 2018.

Influence of Masonary Infill on The Behaviour of RC Frames

Authors: R.Vigneshwaran || Dr.K.Pandurangan

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss3/pid01729

Volume2 ,March 2018.

Design of Smart Rolling Shutters for Low Cost Operations

Authors: Kushali Sindhia || Madhumitha Prakash,Dr. S. V. Satish

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss3/pid49615

Volume2 ,March 2018.

An Experimental Investigation on Behavior of High Volume Alkali Activated Flyash Concrete

Authors: K.Sasidhar || S. Aruna Jyothy,Dr. B. Damodhara Reddy

Doi : 01.1617/vol4/iss3/pid64813

Volume2 ,March 2018.


Editor Image

Meinhard Taher Schobeiri
Texas A & M University, USA.

View more


ISSN(Online): 2456-1290

Google Scholar Profile

Thomson Reuters ID : q-6288-2016.
ORCiD Research ID : 0000-0001-9540-6799

All Issues


Journal Code : IJERMCE
Electronic ISSN : 2456-1290
Impact Factor : 3.8
Frequency : monthly
Contact :

IFERP Other Journals