Transport is a means of carrying goods and people from one place to another. Transport refers to the activity that facilitates physical movement of goods as well as Individuals from one location to another. Transport plays an important role in today’s modern world. It helps in removing the distance barrier. An efficient transport system is essential for sustainable economic development of the country and plays a significant role in promoting national and global integration. An efficient transport helps in increasing productivity and enhances competitiveness of the economy. Efficient transport is indispensable to the economic development of nation. The aim of the study is to create employment, industrial growth, place utility; it also serves several purposes, stability in prices, specialization and division of labour, use of economic resources and standard of living. In country like India, where the population is growing day by day need of advance in transportation is a basic necessity. Advances in the Bus system like BRTS, Rail system like METROS & AC locals, Smart airports and waterways will have a huge impact on human life as well as it will help in the sustainable development of the country. Advanced system like Hyperloop in India, can help passengers and freight travel within fraction of minutes from one’s origin to a destination. The emerging transportation system in India will have a great impact on country’s economic development. The rural areas will have a strong accessibility network and the problem of congestion will reduce to a great extent by adapting the advancement in the Transit system.