Author : Susmita S Hadimani 1
Date of Publication :17th April 2017
Abstract: Sangli city bus stand is a public transport facility intended to commence or terminate local and long journey through Maharashtra State Transport Corporation. It is one of the most crowded bus stands to meet public transportation facilities. Also it is a micro region where number of buses commences, terminate, park, idle as well as accelerate and decelerate. To meet running population demand and to achieve smooth public transport facility it is required to increase number and frequency of transit buses. It results in increase in concentration of pollutants, as most of the buses are propelled by heavy-duty diesel engines which are the major contributors to vehicular pollution. The bus stand is located in heart of city and mostly bounded from all sides except entry and exit way of buses. This causes accumulation of heavy concentration of pollutants emitted by heavy duty-diesel buses and is a major site for common people to suffer from polluted air related health hazards similar to other urban cities. As such automobile induced air pollution at city bus stands is a crucial issue and needs to be attended at earliest. The purpose of this study was to attempt for suitable methodology for quantification of bus emissions generated at Sangli bus stand. This paper reviews number of studies based on transit bus emissions generated at bus stand and also discusses the method adopted for quantification of air pollutants at Sangli city bus stand. The studies conducted at abroad have demonstrated pollution potential of buses. Various researches have suggested change in design layouts and use of alternative fuels to establish the control.
- Alam, A., and Hatzopoulou, M., (2014), “Reducing transit bus emissions: Alternative fuels or traffic operations?” Journal of Atmospheric Environment, 89, 129-139.
- Buonanno, G., Fuoco, F.C., and Stabile, L., (2011), “Influential parameters on particle exposure of pedestrians in urban microenvironments.” Atmos. Environ. 45 (7), 1434e1443.
- Gokhale S. (2009), “Laboratory manual of air pollution sampling and analysis.” Laboratory manual, 1-47.
- Gujarathi A. (2013-14), “Indoor air quality investigation in school buildings in Sangli city” Dissertation report, 1-52.
- Hess D. B., Ray P. D., Stinson A. E. and Park J., (2010), “Determinants of exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) for waiting passengers at bus stands” Journal of Atmospheric Environment, 44, 5174-5182.
- Li W., Li Y., Wei Y., Bao L. and Ma G., (2015), “Incorporating emissions reduction in the site evaluation of urban bus stands near intersections” Journal of COTA International Conference of Transportation Professionals , 3362-3374.