Author : Kashmira B Patil 1
Date of Publication :19th April 2017
Abstract: In many nations, textile industries are major contributors in terms of industrial production, employment and economy. The subsequent pollution resulted is in the form of water, air and noise pollution which is very hazardous for health and environment. Increasing responsibilities of a management to comply with progressing environmental legislations has created a need of appropriate Environmental Management Plan (EMP). EMP is an integrated approach for comprehensive monitoring, reducing losses, waste generation and adverse environmental impacts. As textile industries vary substantially as regards raw materials, processes and products, the industry specific EMP is inevitable to conquer the environmental pollution. Attempts are made in the present study to demonstrate systematic formulation of EMP for a typical textile dyeing industry from Ichalkaranji (Maharashtra). The study involves careful consideration of water usage in textile processes, characteristics of waste and subsequently proposing suitable strategies for environmental protection. The significant observations and recommendations made are put forth in the present paper. The effluent is provided with primary treatment by the industry. The secondary treatment is carried out at common effluent treatment plant (CETP) installed by Ichalkaranji Textile Development cluster (ITDC). Primary treatment provided at industry is found to be rather inadequate to meet the expectations of CETP. So, there is a need to upgrade the primary treatment qualitatively. The stack height is also found inadequate, so needs revision as discussed in the paper. The proposed organizational structure of Environment Management Cell and Disaster Management Plan are also presented as part of the EMP. So, the present endeavor would help the industry for sustainable operation as well as future development
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