Author : Sandip Bhatta 1
Date of Publication :28th May 2017
Abstract: This paper assesses the trans-esterification process for the production of Biodiesel (fatty acid monoalkayl ester) from waste mustard and jatropha oil mixed with methanol (CH3OH) using potassium hydroxide (KOH) as a catalyst at a temperature of 60˚C.As it is a sustainable alternative not only economically, but also environmentally and ecologically to replace petroleum diesel fuel. The most promising alternative fuel will be the fuel that has the greatest impact on society. The major impact areas include wellto- wheel greenhouse gas emissions; non-petroleum feed stocks, well-to-wheel efficiencies, fuel versatility, infrastructure, availability, economics, and safety. Compared to some of the other leading alternative fuel candidates biodiesel appears to have the largest potential impact on society, and should be considered as the fuel of choice for eliminating the dependency on petroleum. With increase in the demand of petroleum products the prices of petrol & diesel are increasing worldwide. Hence biodiesel is alternative sources of energy for running our generators; automobiles etc. are being considered worldwide. In this study, the properties of the waste mustard and jatropha biodiesel produced were compared with ASTM standard and found to be within the limits. Primarily, the utilization of these waste mustard and jatropha oil for biodiesel production will reduce dependency on foreign oil and secondly, this will remove disposal problem of waste sand make environment safe from pollution. The process involves heating of oil followed by titration, then setting and seperation and finally washing.base catalyzed transesterification process is applied
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