Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394-2320 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Computer Science and Engineering

Open Access Journal

IInternational Journal of Engineering Research in Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IJERMCE)

Monthly Journal for Mechanical and Civil Engineering

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

Emission characteristic of a dual cylinder diesel engine fuelled with jatropha biodiesel and producer gas

Author : Vadlamani Praveen Kumar 1 Mrityunjay 2 SiddharthAgarwal 3 Gitimayakar 4 Sonit Singh 5

Date of Publication :10th November 2017

Abstract: The present paper gives an experimental study of the operation of a dual cylinder diesel engine working in dual fuel mode using jatropha oil biodiesel (JOBD) as the pilot fuel and producer gas as the primary fuel. JOBD is produced by esterification and transesterification process catalysed either by acids or bases followed by water wash and heating. Biodiesel require high temperature for ignition, so that is the only reason they are used in dual fuel mode. Utilization of biodiesel in vehicles reduces the excessive use of petroleum fuels and also reduces the emission of soothe particles. They also show positivity towards maintaining the balanced and sustainable growth of our economy. The experimental study shows the variation of emission characteristics of carbon dioxide (CO2). Carbon monoxide (CO), Hydrocarbon (HC), nitrogen oxides (NOx) and smoke opacity with respect to change in load. Along with the emission characteristics fuel consumption is also observed in order to appeal out the savings of the fuel. It has been found that while operating under different biodiesel blends and with varying load (Brake power) the emission levels of HC, CO,NO and smoke opacity have had a considerable reduction while CO2 emissions has increased

Reference :

    1. G. Hemanth, B. Prashanth,Nayan Benerjee,Tuhin Choudhuri,Mrityunjay, “Dual fuel mode operation and its emission characteristics in diesel engine with Producer gas as primary fuel and Jatropha biodiesel as pilot fuel”,International journal of mechanical engineering and technology, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp:138-147, April 2017.
    2. Nayak,S.K.,Behera,G.R.,Mishra,P.C.,Kumar,A., ”Functional characteristics of jatropha biodiesel as a promising feedstock for engine application”,Volume 39,Issue 3, pp: 299-305,2017.
    3. Nayak,S.K.,Mishra,P.C.,Kumar,A.,Behera,G.R.,Nayak,B,. ”Experimental investigation on property analysis of karanja oil methyl ester for vehicular usage”, Volume 39,Issue 3,pp 306-312, 2017.
    4. Prashanth, B.,Saiteja,R.,Sunil Kumar,B.,Swarup Kumar Nayak., „Performance Characteristics of a four Stroke Single Cylinder Diesel Engine Fuelled with Waste Cooking oil and Diesel Blends”, Proceedings of International Conference on Emerging Trends in Mechanical Engineering(ICETIME2016).pp:747-751, 2016.
    5. Nayak,S.K.,Mishra,P.C.,”Investigation on jojoba biodiesel and producer gas in dual-fuel mode”, Volume 38,Issue 15, pp:2265-2271, 2016
    6. Nayak,S.K.,Mishra,P.C., „Emission from utilization of producer gas and mixes of jatropha biodiesel”, Volume 38,Issue 14,pp:1993-2000, 2016.
    7. P. Sirisomboon , P. Kitchaiya, T. Pholpho., W. Mahuttanyavanitch, “Physical and mechanical properties of Jatropha curcas L. fruits, nuts and kernels”, Volume 97, Issue 2, , pp:201–207, June 2007.
    8. Nayak, C., Pattanaik,B.P.,Nayak, S.K.,”Effect of preheated Jatropha oil and Jatropha Oil methyl ester with producer gas on diesel engine performance”, Volume 9,Issue 1, ,pp: 1709-1722,2014.
    9. K. Openshaw. “A review of Jatropha curcas: an oil plant of unfulfilled promise”,Biomass and Bioenergy, volume19 Issue 1, pp. 1–15,2000.
    10. K. Pramanik.,“Properties and use of Jatropha curcas oil and diesel fuel blends in compression ignition engine”,Renewable Energy Journal, Volume 28,Issue 2,pp. 239–248,2003.
    11. J. Martínez-Herrera, P. Siddhuraju, G. Francis, G. Dávila-Ortíz, K. Becker.,“Chemical composition, toxic/antimetabolic constituents, and effects of different treatments on their levels, in four provenances of Jatropha Curcas”, L. from Mexico,Food Chemistry, Volume 96, Issue 1, pp. 80–89, 2006.

Recent Article