Author : Dr. Sheeba Valsson 1
Date of Publication :24th January 2018
Abstract: Urbanization has a dynamic relationship with the physical environment Urban and rural environments differ substantially in their microclimate. These climatic differences are primarily caused by the alteration of the Earth's surface by human construction and the release of artificially created energy into the environment. Inadvertent climate changes induced by urbanization are well documented. Such changes are epitomized by the concept of `Urban Heat Island`(UHI) India is increasingly becoming urban. According to the 2001 Census, 27.8% of the urban population resides in cities, compared with 25.5% in 1990. The Urban population is expected to rise to around 40% by 2020.City growth and urban development are the inevitable phenomena of the 21st century, hence there is a need to explore the causes and peculiarities of the Urban Heat Island Effect and propose solutions to the problem. This paper is a step towards proposing some solutions to the problem.
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