Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394-2320 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Computer Science and Engineering

Open Access Journal

IInternational Journal of Engineering Research in Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IJERMCE)

Monthly Journal for Mechanical and Civil Engineering

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

Enhancement of Biogas Yield by Optimizing Key Factors: A Review

Author : Sitanshkumar Dhirajlal Golwala 1 Dr. Kartik Kothari 2

Date of Publication :11th May 2021

Abstract: Biogas production through an anaerobic digestion process can solve both the problem of waste disposal and environmental pollution which is prevailing all over the world. But it has certain limitations such as it has low degradation rate, high solid retention time, lower biogas production which makes it unattractive for commercial use. This paper reviews effects of various process parameters such as agitation, ammonia nitrogen concentration, accumulation of volatile fatty acid and buffering capacity, pH, temperature, feedstock characteristics as biogas production optimization. From literature, it has been found that optimizing these process parameters and operating biogas plants at this optimum value results in enhance biogas production.

Reference :

    1.  T.H. Chen, P. Chynoweth and R. Biljetina, “Anaerobic digestion of municipal solid waste in a non-mixed solid concentrating digestor”, Applied Bio chemistry and Bio technology, vol.24/25(1), pp.533–44, 1990
    2. P.G. Stroot, K.-D. McMahon, R.-I. Mackie and L. Raskin. “Anaerobic co digestion of municipal solid waste and biosolids under various mixing conditions- -I. Digester performance”, Water Research, vol.35(7), pp.1804, 2001.
    3. M. Kim, Y.H. Ahn and R.E. Speece, “Comparative process stability and efficiency of anaerobic digestion; mesophilic vs. Thermophilic”, Water Research, vol. 36(17), pp.4369-4385, 2002.
    4. H.K. Ong, P.F Greenfield and P.C. Pullammanappallil. “Effect of mixing on bio methanation of cattlemanure slurry”, Environmental Technology, vol.23 (10), pp.1081–90, 2002
    5.  K. Karim, R. Hoffmann, T. Klasson and M.H. Al- Dahhan. “Anaerobic digestion of animal waste: Waste strength versus impact of mixing”, Bio resource Technology, vol. 96(16), pp. 1771- 81, 2005.
    6. D. Deublein. and A. Steinhauser, “Biogas from waste and renewable sources: an introduction” WILEYVCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany 2008.
    7. P. Kaparaju, I. Buendia, L. Ellegaard and I. Angelidakia, “Effects of mixing on methane production during thermophilic anaerobic digestion of manure: Lab-scale and pilot-scale studies”, Bioresource Technology, vol. 99(11), pp. 4919-28, 2008.
    8. A. Kowalczyk, E. Harnisch, S. Schwede, M. Gerber and R. Span. “Different mixing modes for biogas plants using energy crops”, Applied Energy, vol.112(C), pp. 465-472, 2013.
    9. O. A Aworanti , S. E. Agarry and O- O. Ogunleye, “Bio methanization of Cattle Manure, Pig Manure and Poultry Manure Mixture in Co-digestion with Waste of Pineapple Fruit and Content of ChickenGizzard- Part I: Kinetic and Thermodynamic Modelling Studies”, The Open Biotechnology Journal, vol.11, pp. 36-53, 2017.
    10. T. Bambang, I. Matseh, I. Zahara, T. Taslim and M. Turmuzi,. “American Institute of Physics Conference Proceedings” 1840, 050004, 2017.

Recent Article