Author : S. F. Salma 1
Date of Publication :30th November 2021
Abstract: In traditional community settlements, buildings were designed with minimum resources and simple methods to respond to their local climate and maintained comfortable indoor conditions for the inhabitants. Therefore climate resilience is a priority in most of the traditional communities as it provides a comfortable shelter in the local climate. It is in the form of built spaces and also unbuilt spaces which are at times termed as cultural landscapes. In spite of the effects of changing climate, these communities have a strong resilience by using passive measures to achieve comfort conditions. These are in the form of courtyards, as a part of built spaces, and ample green spaces with a lot of trees, water bodies in open or unbuilt spaces. They have a walkable environment with trees placed strategically on either side of the pathways and walkways as it reduces heat during summer. Adaptive and cultural condition-based measures, practices, and skills on actual environmental conditions which are always implemented to maintain these cultural landscapes. These green spaces were linked throughout the settlement which shields them even in changing climatic conditions. This concept of climate resilience as a priority is applied at varying scales in most of the community settlements. As it is turning into a necessity to design sustainable buildings, this paper is an attempt to show the adaptive factors of human activities in the green setups with examples from various South Indian traditional communities where climate resilience is always been considered as a priority factor for both built and unbuilt spaces.
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