Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394-2320 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Computer Science and Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Engineering Research in Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IJERMCE)

Monthly Journal for Mechanical and Civil Engineering

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

Paddyware as Solution for Consumptive Use of Crop Residue (Parali)

Author : Saket Rusia 1 Anchal Parihar 2 Ashish Singh 3 Sachin Pachauri 4

Date of Publication :14th July 2022

Abstract: After the Green Revolution Northern Indian states engaged themselves with wheat and rice production as a result India became the largest agriculturally based economy. However due to lack of a proper way to dispose the Residue material left after harvesting (paddy/Wheat straw etc.) farmers started burning the stubble which ended up contributing to at least 10% of yearly pollution in Delhi and Northern Indian thus making it one of the most polluted cities in the world. To counter this issue, we came up with a solution of Paddyware which not only offers an effective solution for disposal but also an eco-friendly substitute of plastic ware. Paddywares are the product made of pulp extracted from plant fiber of paddy straw which is made of 80% cellulose and 20% of lignin (plant starch). The methodologies used in manufacturing of the product are simple as washing, chopping, grinding, bleaching, steaming, beating and moulding. This technique, if adopted on industrial level, has caliber to counter the above said problem by at least 5-6%.

Reference :

    1. Narendra Reddy, and Yiqi Yang, “ Properties of HighQuality Long Natural Cellulose Fibers from Rice Straw”,2006
    2. Namra Fatima, Awadhesh Chandramauli, Nishim Chaddha,” Analyzing Disposal Methods of Crop Residue (Parali)”, Volume 5, Issue 5, May – 2020
    3.  Tarun Kumar Lohani, Melkamu Teshome Ayana, Abdella Kemal Mohammed, “Phenomenal transmutations in quality of soil attributable to stubble burning a case study of Punjab, India”, Received 3 September 2020.
    4. Chandra, R.; Takeuchi, H.; Hasegawa, T. Methane production from lignocellulosic agricultural crop wastes: A review in context to second generation of biofuel production. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 2012, 16, 1462–1476
    5. Niveta Jain, Arti Bhatia, Himanshu Pathak, “Emission of Air Pollutants from Crop Residue Burning in India”,Aerosol and Air Quality Research, 14: 422– 430, 2014,ISSN: 1680-8584 print / 2071-1409
    6. S. Bhuvaneshwari, Hiroshan Hettiarachchi and Jay N. Meegoda “Residue Burning in India: Policy Challenges and Potential Solutions”, Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 83
    7. Camilia El-Dewany, Fikry Awad, Alaa Mohamed Zaghloul, “Utilization of rice straw as a low-cost natural by-product in agriculture”, Int. J. of Environmental Pollution & Environmental Modelling, Vol. 1(4): 91-102(2018) [8] Niti Gupta, “Paddy residue burning in PunjabUnderstanding Farmers‟ Perspectives and Rural Air Pollution”, (March 2019)
    8. Pratika Chawla, H.A.S.Sandhu, “Stubble burn area estimation and its impact on ambient air quality of Patiala and Ludhiana district, Punjab, India‟, Heliyon 6 (2020)e03095
    9. Rob Bakker, Wolten Elberson, Ronald Poppens, Jan Peter Lesschen, “Rice straw and wheat straw-potential feedstock for bio-based economy”, June 2013
    10. Lohan, S.K.; Jat, H.S.; Yadav, A.K.; Sidhu, H.S.; Jat, M.L.; Choudhary, M.; Jyotsna Kiran, P.; Sharma, P.C. Burning issues of paddy residue management in northwest states of India. Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 2018,81, 693–706.
    11. Kumar, P.; Kumar, S.; Joshi, L. The extend and management of crop residue stubbles. In Socioeconomic and Environmental Implications of Agricultural Residue Burning: A Case Study of Punjab, India; Kumar, P.,Kumar, S., Joshi, L., Eds.; Springer Briefs in Environmental Science: Berlin, Germany, 2015; p. 144,ISBN 978-81-322-2014-5.
    12. SC: „Stubble Burning Cause for 10% Of Air Pollution, 75% Due to Industry, Dust and Transport' ( [14] Other Resources: report 3/

Recent Article