Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2394-2320 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Computer Science and Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Engineering Research in Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IJERMCE)

Monthly Journal for Mechanical and Civil Engineering

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

Improving Passive Safety in Electric Vehicles by Developing a Prototype of Automatic Fire Extinguishing System

Author : Dr. A. Karthikeyan 1 Shaik Mahammed Sayer 2 Sriram. M. 3

Date of Publication :28th April 2023

Abstract: Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular due to their eco-friendliness and fuel efficiency. However, they pose a potential fire hazard due to their high-voltage battery packs. In this paper, we present a prototype of an automatic fire extinguisher system for EVs using an Arduino UNO board, a fire sensor, and a wiper motor. The proposed system consists of a fire sensor that is fixed near the battery pack to detect any signs of fire. The sensor sends a signal to the Arduino UNO board, which in turn triggers the wiper motor. The motor is connected to a gear system that opens the cylinder of the fire extinguisher, releasing the extinguishing agent onto the fire. The prototype was tested in a simulated environment, and the results showed that the system was able to detect the fire and trigger the extinguisher in less than 5 seconds. The system can also be easily installed in any EV, as the sensors can be fixed at desired locations depending on the vehicle's design. The proposed system has several advantages over traditional fire extinguishing systems, such as being fully automated and requiring minimal human intervention. It can also help reduce the risk of fire-related accidents in EVs, ensuring the safety of passengers and the vehicle. In conclusion, the prototype of an automatic fire extinguisher system for EVs presented in this paper has the potential to improve the safety of electric vehicles and can be further improved by integrating additional sensors and safety features.

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