Author : Halefom Aregay Bisrat 1
Date of Publication :19th October 2023
Abstract: Now a day’s natural fiber reinforced polymer matrix composite is one of the highly developed alternative material that have been for many. Presently, due to indecisive conditions in the scarcity of resource of construction material, hard currency, unable to use available material and the cost of cement is a problem. This research aims to develop and characterize short banana fiber reinforced clay composite material to find applicable resource for construction industry. Banana fiber reinforced clay composite material were developed having both treated and not treated fiber length of 5mm, 10mm, and 15mm and fiber weight percent ratio of 0:, 10, 20, and 30. Besides it considered clay matrixes weight percent ratio of 100%, 90%, 80%, and 70% enclose grain size of 0.2mm, 0.4mm, 0.6mm, 0.8mm using sieve filter. Then fabricating of the composite was using compression technique. In this research developed composite were characterize with physical properties of water absorption, fire resistance, and mechanical properties of compression strength. Experimental results showed decrement on 0, 10 wt% and 20 wt%, however, which shows is optimal augmentation at 30wt% banana fiber to 70 wt% clay matrixes. The utmost outcome of this research was obtain for mixture of optimal edagahamus clay, Hashenge clay and optimum quantity of banana fiber 20%, and the length of 15mm. the fiber reinforced clay exhibit fracture and surface shave breakage mode. The test result of compression strength is 35 MPa and the sample is treated by fired increaser into 39.5 MPa. the water absorption value is 3.52 g and the composite material resist fire up to 128 ºC all the value are above the recommended value for structure work of construction technology to manufacture the structural product of clay reinforced solid brick.