Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Computer Science and Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Engineering Research in Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IJERMCE)

Monthly Journal for Mechanical and Civil Engineering

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

Estimation of Surface Run off by Swat Model for a Watershed in Punpun Basin

Author : Dr. Subha Sinha 1 2

Date of Publication :7th November 2016

Abstract: The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) having an interface with QGIS software (QSWAT 1.3) was selected for the estimation of surface runoff from an area of Punpun basin near Patna an intermediate watershed of Punpun river, located in southern Bihar region. The model was run and validated with the observed runoff for the years 2005-2010. The performance of the model was evaluated using statistical and graphical methods to assess the capability of the model in simulating the surface runoff from the study area. According to the model, the value for the surface runoff was maximum for the year 2007 as 710 mm/yr and was minimum for the year 2005 with about 185 mm/yr. As per the observed values of discharge from the CWC and the calculated values for surface runoff by SWAT for these years were different by about 10 to 11%.

Reference :

    1. Central Water Commission (CWC)
    2. Engineering Hydrology by K.Subramaniah
    3. Bihar Remote Sensing Application Centre (BIRSAC)
    4.  J. G. Arnold, P. M. Allen, and D. Morgan, “Hydrologic model for design of constructed wetlands,” Wetlands, Vol. 21, No. 2, pp. 167–178, 2001.
    5. J. G. Arnold, and N. Fohrer, “SWAT2000: Current capabilities and research opportunities in applied watershed modeling,” Hydrology Process, Vol. 19, pp. 563–572, 2005.
    6. J. G. Arnold, R. S. Srinivasan, and J. R. Williams, “Large area hydrologic modeling and assessment: Part 1. Model development,” Journal of the American Water Resources Association, Vol. 34, No. 7389, 1998.
    7. J. Benaman, C. A. Shoemaker, and D. A. Haith, “Modeling non-point source pollution using a distributed water-shed model for the Cannonsville Reservoir Basin,” Delaware County, New York. Proceedings of the World Water & Environmental Resources Congress, May 20-24, 2001.
    8. D. K. Borah and M. Bera, “SWAT model background and application reviews,” Paper Number: 032054, Presented at the ASAE Annual International Meeting, July 27-July 30, 2003, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

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