Open Access Journal

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

International Journal of Engineering Research in Computer Science and Engineering (IJERCSE)

Monthly Journal for Computer Science and Engineering

Open Access Journal

International Journal of Engineering Research in Mechanical and Civil Engineering (IJERMCE)

Monthly Journal for Mechanical and Civil Engineering

ISSN : 2456-1290 (Online)

Effect of Intermediate Web Stiffener on Buckling Behavior of Axially Loaded C-Lipped Cold-Formed Sections

Author : Sanjay U. Marjive 1 Dr. Ratnesh Kumar 2 Dr. L. M. Gupta 3

Date of Publication :7th March 2017

Abstract: This paper presents the influence of shapes of intermediate web stiffener for improving critical elastic buckling load of cold-formed steel lipped channels under axial compression. From the literature, it is observed that the influence of variation in shapes of intermediate web stiffener has not been studied in detail. Therefore, in the present study, the effect of variation in S1/b ratio (depth of intermediate web stiffener to the depth of web) for triangular and quadrilateral intermediate web stiffener on lipped channel sections of length varying from 0.5 m to 6.0 m have been considered. The thickness of the steel plate is kept constant as 1.50 mm, whereas, the ratio of the depth of intermediate web stiffener to the depth of web has been varied from 0.03 to 0.36. The members have been analyzed with both ends fixed and allow translation in the lateral direction. The elastic Eigen value buckling analysis has been performed on 300 models by using finite element analysis method. Local and distortional failure modes were observed for critical elastic buckling load. From the study, it has been observed that the effect of intermediate web stiffener decreases for member length larger than 2.5 m due change in mode shape i.e. local to distortional. It has also been observed that with the increase in depth of intermediate web stiffener the buckling load increases. However, as compared to triangular shape the quadrilateral shape intermediate web stiffener imparts larger resistance to buckling.

Reference :

    1. IS 801 (1975): Code of Practice for Use of Cold Formed Light Guage Steel Structural Members IN General Building Construction, New Delhi: BIS, 1975.
    2.  American Iron and Steel Institute, North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members, Washington, 2007.
    3. Standards Australia, Cold-formed steel structures AS/NZS 4600:2005, Sydney, 2005.
    4.  Eurocode 3: Design of steel structures - part 1- 3: General rules - Supplementary rules for cold-formed members and sheeting, Brussels, 2006.
    5. "Cold-Formed Steel Engineers Institute (CFSEI)," 16 February 2017. [Online]. Available:
    6. K. J. R. Rasmussen and G. J. Hancock, "Design of cold-formed stainless steel tubular members. I: Columns," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 119, pp. 2349-2367, 1993.
    7. M. Dhanalakshmi and N. E. Shanmugam, "Design for openings in equal angle cold-formed steel stub columns," Thin-Walled Structures, vol. 39, pp. 167-187, 2001.
    8. D. Popovic, D. J. Hancock and K. J. R. Rasmussen, "Compression tests on cold-formed angles loaded parallel with leg," Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 127, pp. 600-607, 2001.

Recent Article